Generally often called allergic rhinitis, hay fever is a type of allergic reaction that may cause inflammation within the nasal airways. It often occurs when an allergen resembling pollen or animal dander is taken in by a person with a sensitized immune system. For this matter, the allergen triggers the IgE to produce massively thus consequence to the occurrence of the different symptoms of hay fever.
Basically, the cause of this allergy is grass pollens. Ironically, people with hay fever do not really have any fever at all nor any hay as well. Nevertheless since the grasses scattered their pollens into the air every time the hays are being lower, the term hay fever is then used.
5 Should Know Info about Hay Fever
Classification- basically, allergic rhinitis are categorized into two which is seasonal and perennial. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is triggered particularly in the course of the onset of pollen season and it does not usually develop till a person reaches 6 years of age. As for perennial allergic rhinitis, it normally happens all year long and is usually seen in younger children.
Signs and symptoms- in precise fact, hay fever has a number of indicators and symptoms. However as for the commonest one, its manifestations often include rhinorrhea, itching, nasal congestion in addition guide to hay fever relief nasal obstruction. While in some cases, it may develop all through the body whereas sufferers will also experience conjunctival swelling, erythema, eyelid swelling, lower eyelid venous stasis, transverse nasal crease, middle ear effusion and swollen nasal turbinates.
Issues- if this allergy will not be handled immediately, there are particular complications that may disrupt the quality of life of an individual. It may lead to conditions whereby the patient is disturbed on account of inadequate of sleep, as they experience different problems that may associate allergic rhinitis. These complications might include sinusitis, ear infection in addition to worsening the bronchial asthma which could be deadly if not taken into consideration immediately.
Allergy testing- in an effort to establish the precise allergen to which an individual is sensitive with, allergy testing are being carried out by medical practitioners. The commonest technique that is getting used is the skin testing which may be done intradermal, or by way of scratch or patch. As for these individual who can not undergo such test, they may use the RAST blood test in determining the precise allergen.
Management- basically, the purpose of hay fever administration is to prevent or at the least reduce the prevalence of the sign and signs which are caused by the irritation of the affected tissues. Maybe the most effective one is to keep away from the allergens that can cause hay fever. Nevertheless since this administration is perhaps hard to follow, different types of remedy are introduced to handle such condition. These various treatments could embrace intranasal corticosteroids, antihistamine medicines, decongestants and nasal irrigation. As for these particular person who doesn’t reply to medication, allergen immunotherapy or also known as desensitization are said to be the usual efficient treatment in eliminating the signs of such condition.